The Real-Time Clock (RTC) is a hardware component that tracks wall clock time and is battery backed so it works even with system power off. Such clocks will normally not track the local time zone or daylight saving time but will instead be set to Coordinated Universal Time.

The ConnectCore 6 Plus has two RTCs:

  • One provided by the Dialog DA9063 PMIC

  • Another provided by the i.MX6 Secure Non Volatile Storage (SNVS) device

Digi Embedded Yocto only uses the Dialog DA9063 RTC.

Kernel configuration

You can manage the real-time clock driver support through the following kernel configuration options:

Kernel driver

File Description

drivers/rtc/rtc-da9063.c

Driver for the DA9063 RTC device

drivers/rtc/rtc-snvs.c

Driver for the SNVS RTC device

Device tree bindings and customization

The Dialog DA9063 I2C interface device tree binding is documented at Documentation/devicetree/bindings/mfd/da9063.txt.

The device tree node for the DA9063 RTC and the i.MX6 RTC are defined in the common i.MX6 device tree includes.

Common ConnectCore 6 Plus device tree
rtc {
	compatible = "dlg,da9063-rtc";
};
Common ConnectCore 6 Plus device tree
snvs_rtc: snvs-rtc-lp {
	compatible = "fsl,sec-v4.0-mon-rtc-lp";
	regmap = <&snvs>;
	offset = <0x34>;
	interrupts = <0 19 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>,
	             <0 20 IRQ_TYPE_LEVEL_HIGH>;
};

RTC user space usage

The different RTCs are accessible via the following file descriptors:

  • /dev/rtc0 (for the DA9063 RTC)

  • /dev/rtc1 (for the SNVS RTC)

The /dev/rtc device is a symbolic link to /dev/rtc0.

For more information, refer to the Linux kernel documentation at Documentation/rtc.txt.

Initializing the RTC

When connected to the Internet, Digi Embedded Yocto uses a NTP (Network Time Protocol) daemon to set the RTC time and keep the system time up to date. You must initialize the RTC the first time you power the board after unpacking the kit and whenever power is completely lost (including RTC backup battery). hen not initialized, or if the date is set to a value before the year 1970, the Linux system reports the following error message:

system time... hwclock: settimeofday() failed: Invalid
Linux cannot handle dates before the year 1970.

To initialize the RTC from the Linux shell, set a correct system time using the date command and then issue hwclock -w to write the system time into the RTC.

RTC test application

Digi Embedded Yocto provides a basic RTC test application. Build the package dey-examples-rtc in your Yocto project to install the test application rtc_test.

The RTC test application allows you to read the current time from the RTC; set it using the system time; and read, set, and test the alarm interrupt.

Syntax

To display the application syntax, run:

rtc_test -h

Examples

Test the alarm interrupt with the specified seconds:

rtc_test -e -s 20

In this case, the test sets the RTC alarm to 20 seconds from the current time and then waits for the alarm interrupt to occur.