The ConnectCore 8X is shipped without a default operating system loaded. Only U-Boot is flashed in the device. This step demonstrates how to install Yocto in your ConnectCore 8X.

1. Establish a serial connection with your device

Before you start programming the firmware, you must open a serial connection with the device. You can use any serial terminal program such as Tera Term, Minicom, CoolTerm, or HyperTerminal.

Due to an incompatibility between the USB/serial driver and the PuTTY terminal program, you must use another serial terminal program such as Tera Term, Minicom, CoolTerm, or HyperTerminal.

Open a serial connection with the following settings:

Parameter Value

Port

Serial port where the device is connected

Baud rate

115200

Data bits

8

Parity

None

Stop bits

1

Flow control

None

2. Program the firmware

Once you have established the serial connection, you can start the firmware update process. Follow these steps to install Yocto in the device:

  1. Download the firmware images from the following location:

  2. Decompress the zip file.

  3. Place the decompressed files in the root of a FAT-formatted microSD card and insert it in the microSD socket of the board.

  4. Reset the device by pressing the reset button on the board and immediately press any key in the serial terminal to stop the auto-boot process. The U-Boot bootloader prompt displays:

    U-Boot dub-2020.04-r1.2 (Oct 20 2020 - 09:34:48 +0000)
    
    CPU:   NXP i.MX8QXP RevB A35 at 1200 MHz
    DRAM:  2 GiB
    MCA:   HW_VER=1  FW_VER=0.18
    MMC:   FSL_SDHC: 0, FSL_SDHC: 1
    In:    serial
    Out:   serial
    Err:   serial
    Model: Digi International ConnectCore 8X SBC Pro Board.
    ConnectCore 8X SOM variant 0x02: 2 GiB LPDDR4, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, MCA, Crypto-auth
    Board: ConnectCore 8X SBC Pro, version 1, ID 135
    Boot:  MMC0
    
     BuildInfo:
      - SCFW 732e719a, SECO-FW 376e3c15, IMX-MKIMAGE 6745ccdc, ATF 0645021
      - U-Boot dub-2020.04-r1.2
    
    flash target is MMC:0
    Net:   eth0: ethernet@5b040000 [PRIME], eth1: ethernet@5b050000
    Fastboot: Normal
    Normal Boot
    Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
    =>
    Information in the console log may vary.
  5. Install the firmware into the internal eMMC, executing the following command:

    => run install_linux_fw_sd
  6. Once the firmware is installed, the device boots automatically. The default username is root with no password.

During installation, error messages appear when the installation process attempts to override MAC addresses. These messages are expected.

## Resetting to default environment
oldval: 00:40:9D:7D:17:9A  defval: 00:04:f3:ff:ff:fa
## Error: Can't overwrite "ethaddr"
himport_r: can't insert "ethaddr=00:04:f3:ff:ff:fa" into hash table
oldval: 00:40:9D:7D:17:9B  defval: 00:04:f3:ff:ff:fb
## Error: Can't overwrite "eth1addr"
himport_r: can't insert "eth1addr=00:04:f3:ff:ff:fb" into hash table
oldval: 00:40:9D:7D:17:9C  defval: 00:04:f3:ff:ff:fc
## Error: Can't overwrite "wlanaddr"
himport_r: can't insert "wlanaddr=00:04:f3:ff:ff:fc" into hash table
oldval: 00:40:9D:7D:17:9D  defval: 00:04:f3:ff:ff:fd
## Error: Can't overwrite "btaddr"
himport_r: can't insert "btaddr=00:04:f3:ff:ff:fd" into hash table